The 5 Design Principles in Landscape Architecture

The 5 Design Principles in Landscape Architecture

The 5 Design Principles in Landscape Architecture
Written by Andreas Papastavrou Category Blog Read 849 times font size decrease font size decrease font size increase font size Print E-mail
The 5 Design Principles in Landscape Architecture
The configuration of the garden or any other outdoor space is a process that ultimately has a strong personal character. In other words, the garden is the reflection of the personality of the owner and the designer, expressed as preferences, dislikes, habits and peculiarities.

However, there is no doubt that whatever the outcome of landscaping, there are rules that if we break them then the outside space is very likely to cause problems for users. Caution: there is no question of liking or not, but of functionality. These rules are referred to as the five basic principles of landscape architecture that we will look at in this article.

Beginning of Balance: To understand the term think of a balance, at both ends of which are placed elements of the garden and exert a visual effect. If I choose the absolute balance then the visual effect is distributed equally at both ends (left and right usually), and if I choose to tilt the beam to one side the look will also focus like distracting. In particular, in the design we find perfectly symmetrical patterns, asymmetric patterns with equilibrium of the result, asymmetric imbalance patterns and background-foreground relationship.

Beginning of focus: a garden usually has a reference point or attraction of the visitor. For example, the enclosure of a museum is a supportive element for the appearance of the museum itself. In a private garden it is customary to focus the design at the entrance of the house or on a separate element such as a particular plant or structure. Beware of exaggerations, which are often encountered in new landscape designers.

Principle of simplicity: My "student" at the Seminar on Outdoor Configuration has made it amazing: less is more !. There is no traveled way to show how simplicity is achieved in the garden. The simplest and most common approach is to limit the use of many different plants, materials, colors and other elements.

Principle of rhythm: the ultimate goal of observing this principle is to make the garden recognizable and familiar. Like your favorite song, the purpose of which you recognize from the first notes. Achievement of the goal will come in rhythmic design: repeat flower beds with a similar pattern (eg curves), plants within the flowerbeds of the same species, adopt a specific design tactic for a particular pattern along its entire length and width.

Principle of proportion: it is perhaps the most well-known concept to the general public. Imagine that the landscape architect creates a playground where the construction will be adult size. It will be immediately inhospitable to those for whom it was created: the children! In general, the introduction of the scale into the design of outdoor spaces aims at achieving a sense of warmth and hospitality for users. Just think about how you feel when you walk between huge trees and between trees that are just a little higher than you.

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